Christ the Soverign Son- Hebrews 1:4-14

Angel, or aggelos, means messenger.  In this section it is seen that the Son is higher, and greater than, the Angels. Well if God has angels to be the Messengers why send Jesus Christ to be both the message and the messenger? It is answered in this section (v.4-14) where the writer speaks of the sovereignty of the Son in terms of his divine son-ship, the adoration and servitude with which the angels relate to him, eternal nature of his kingdom, righteousness with which he rules, his creative power, endurance, and overall victory….

“Continuing with the thought in verse three that Christ is the brightness of his glory, being made higher than the angels. The angels worship him, and we are not to worship the angels. There seems to be a certain fascination with angels these days. There are movements aimed at them and Mary as well. We have T.V. shows about them. I think some would rather worship the ground Jesus walked on instead of Jesus.” – Del Blanchard

V.4-5

He is superior because he is the Son of the Living God – Jesus was the Son before ever he came to earth…”but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world.” The name, The Son, alone makes it his inheritance; it is his by right, and by the divine establishment from God the Father. This makes him superior which the writer argues from this Old Testament psalm. All of Psalm 2 is a prophetic reference to the coming of Christ as seen in verses  2, 3, and 6-12. When the Son was baptized verse 7a of Psalm 2 is recited. When Satan was attempting to temp the Son be saying “if you are the Son of God the…..” is seen in verses 8-9 of Psalm 2, by the testimony of God, the temptation of the devil, and the world wide authority of the Son. The writer then quotes 1 Chronicles 17:12-14, asking if God has ever said this to any of the angels, ” … I will be his Father, and he will be my Son.” It is evident that Christ is above not just the angels, but over all things, both physical and spiritual.

V6-7

Son is superior because angels worship him – In verse 6a he is referenced as God’s ‘firstborn’, as prophesied in Psalm 89:27 “And I will make him the firstborn, the highest of the kings of the earth…“. When God ‘brings his firstborn into the world’ the angels shall worship him as foreseen in Deuteronomy 32:34a “Rejoice with him O Heavens; bow down to him all gods…” So it’s not just the nations and the people who worship Christ, but also the angels and all that is in the heavens. Rather than being objects and recipients of worship, the angels are called God’s ‘servants’. Also they are called ‘winds’ and ‘flames of fire’,  things which are no more than transient tools in the hands of their divine and holy master.

v.8-9

Son is sovereign as Divine King of the Eternal Kingdom – Here the Son is addressed as God, has a throne and scepter therefore making him King, that the throne he is given lasts forever and ever, he is above his companions, and is reminded that he has been anointed by his God who is God the Father.

v.10-12

The Son is superior because he is the Lord and Co-Creator – The Son is again addressed but this time as ‘Lord‘ and creation is ascribed to him and then he is contrasted to the things of his creation. As seen in Psalm 102. These verses display the truth that the Son is eternal and goes forever but his creation will become old and worn out then perish. Though his creation changes through the seasons, and through time, he will not change he will always be the same; the sames love, grace, justice, righteousness, forgiveness, and all the characteristics of him will never ever change and they will always endure.

V.13-14

He is sovereign because he is seated at the right hand of God – This position is held because of who he is and not by his divine right to rule over creation as seen in verse 6. God has said to the son “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet” also prophesied here. We are also told he is exalted to the right hand of God elsewhere in Bible scripture by what he has done and accomplished for the world. By his sin-bearing death and resurrection he confirmed his power and authority, and demonstrated that there is nothing that can stand against him. Having defeated sin and death, Satan and hell, Jesus rose up victorious and now sits at the right hand of God in the kingdom of Heaven not solely by the virtue of who he is, but also by virtue of what he has done for ALL.

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About Made Marshall

“Sometimes things become possible if we want them bad enough.” - T.S. Elliot View all posts by Made Marshall

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